1. man functions as a system

Man functions as a system comprised of sub-systems which in turn is a part of a larger system.

When we take the systems approach to the human organism we see it as a network of interacting processes each being causally determined by previous states and the dynamics of interaction.

From this point of view, seemingly deliberate decisions made by an individual, are only rationalizations of the events determined by the system process. During moments of consciousness, when the individual is in the ‘now’ he can cooperate with the balancing mechanisms of his system. In other words, his development is both determined by system requirements and influenced by conscious deliberations.

Some assumptions underlying integral development

1. man functions as a system - integral development - Beyond Motivation
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Usable techniques for group development

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Beyond Motivation by James T. McCay with Richard E. Ward
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